• Vocabulary:

    1. charter – a dcolonization and settlement ocument given by the government to new colonies; it tells about the colonies’ rights

    2. Roanoke Island: Island off the coast of North Carolina, site of England’s first attempt at a permanent settlement, known as the “Lost Colony.”

    3.Jamestown: First permanent English colony in North

    America, founded in 1607, located in eastern Virginia.

    4.pilgrim: Person who travels to a new place for religious reasons.

    5.Mayflower Compact: Plan of government written by the Pilgrims who sailed on the Mayflower.

    6. Puritans: Group of people who wanted to “purify” the Church of England. They established the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630.

    7. House of Burgesses: Law making assembly in colonial Virginia- example of self-government.

    8. cash crop: Crop grown to be sold for profit $

    9. plantations – Large pieces of land where crops were grown for money

    10. artisan: Skilled worker who makes things

    11. apprentice: Young person who learns a skill from a more experienced worker.

    12. indentured servant: Person who agreed to work for someone for a certain amount of time in exchange for the cost of the voyage to

    North America

    13. slavery – Practice of owning people and forcing them to work

    14. triangular trade route: Name given to trade route between the 13 Colonies, Europe, the West Indies, and Africa; included the slave


    15. Middle Passage – The middle part of trip across the ocean on slave ships that involved the transportation of slaves to America