The object of the game is to score more points than your opponent. The ball is passed, thrown, bounced, batted, or rolled from one player to another. A player in possession of the ball must maintain contact with the floor with one foot (pivot foot), unless the player is shooting, passing, or dribbling. Physical contact with an opponent can result in a foul if the contact impedes the desired movement of the player.
Offense: Team attempting to get the ball into scoring position.
Defense: The object of defense is to try to take the ball away from your opponent, to force them to turn over the ball, or force them to take a low percentage shot.
Scoring: Field Goals = 2 or 3 points, Free Throws = 1 point
- A player is out of bounds when touching the floor on or outside the boundary line.
- The ball is out of bounds when it touches a player who is out of bounds or the floor out of bounds.
- The ball is out of bounds by the last player touching it before it goes out. The ball would be awarded to the opposing team.
- Violations include causing the ball to go out of bounds, double dribbling, running with the ball, kicking the ball
- Fouls involve pushing, charging, tripping, holding, body contact
Assist: a pass by an offensive player to a teammate that leads directly to a score.
Blocking or Boxing Out: a term used to designate a defensive player’s position under the backboard which prevents an offensive player from achieving a rebound
Charging: personal contact against the body of an opponent by a player with the ball.
Cut: A quick offensive move by a player trying to get free for a pass.
Double Dribble: when one person dribbles, stops and picks up the ball and starts to dribble again or dribble with two hands simultaneously.
Dribble: process of bringing the ball down the floor or moving the ball from place to place using the finger pads to tap the ball.
Drive: an aggressive move toward the basket by a player with the ball.
Fake: using a deceptive move with the ball to pull the defensive player out of position.
Field Goal: a basket scored from the field, worth two or three-points.
Free Throw: an unhindered throw for a goal from within the free throw circle and behind the free throw line.
Lay-up: a shot where a player releases the ball close to the basket
Pick or Screen: where a player stands so the defensive player makes contact, freeing an offensive teammate for a shot or a drive.
Pivot: take place when a player who is holding the ball steps once or more than once in any direction with the same foot; the other foot, called the pivot foot, being kept at its point of contact with the floor.
Rebound: when a shot bounces off the backboard or basket and is pulled down by a player.
Steal: a defensive player takes the ball from the offensive team.
Traveling: when a player in possession of the ball walks without dribbling.
Violation: an infraction of the rules
- Keep a balanced stance. Bend at the waist and the knees to be in a crouched position.
- Keep your head up –do not look at the ball.
- Keep your wrist relaxed and cup your hand slightly.
- Dribble the ball by pushing with the finger pads –not the palm of the hand.
- Never bounce the ball higher than the waist.
- Use the non-dribbling arm and hand to protect yourself from
- Stand with your feet shoulder width apart and your knees slightly bent.
- Hold the ball with both hands with your fingers on the sides of the ball
- Hold the ball at chest level with your elbows out to the sides.
- Step forward when executing the pass.
- Extend your arms outward and flip your thumbs downward (snap wrist upon release of ball) causing backspin on the ball.
- Focus your eyes on your target
- Same as the chest pass except as follows:
- Focus on a point on the floor 2/3 of the way between you and your partner.
- Extend your arms toward the spot 2/3 of the way to your partner.
- Step forward and follow through toward that target spot on the floor.
- Step out toward the ball when receiving it.
- Catch the ball with both hands, grasping it with the fingers.
- Pull the ball into your chest.
- Keep the eyes focused on the ball
- Dribble the basketball approaching the basket at an angle.
- At two strides away from the basket (For a right-handed lay-up) pick up the ball with the left hand in front and under the ball.
- Place the right hand on top and slightly behind the ball.
- Bring the ball to shoulder and head height as the left foot pushes off the floor.
- Bring your right knee up.
- Place the ball rather than throw it against the backboard aiming at the inside of the box painted on the backboard.
- Follow through with the palm of the right hand high in the direction of the intended target.
- Square the body toward the basket.
- Right-handed shooters should place the right hand underneath the ball using their left hand on the side of the ball for balance (your right elbow should be directly below the ball).
- Bring the ball slightly above and in front of the head.
- Cock your wrist and jump upward.
- Release the ball at the top of your jump and follow through.
- After release snap your wrist downward pointing your fingers at the basket